American businessmen who owns Koch Industries, the second biggest private company in the United States.
Technology which no-one appears to handle appears to have ‘a will of its own’. This stance involves anthropomorphism or technological animism in its crediting of an inanimate entity with the consciousness and will of living beings. Technologies are observed as obtaining ‘purposes’ of their own rather than purely technical functions. Sometimes the implication is that purposiveness arises in a device from the complete being greater than the sum of the parts which had been humanly made: unplanned, a ‘ghost in the machine’ emerges.
McLuhan, by and huge, was a booster, a technological utopian he put a good spin on technological determinism, simply because the arrival of new technologies seemed always to open new spaces” and for that reason, new frontiers exactly where freedom-lovers could dash to escape the strictures of older, crowded, stagnating spaces.” He was writing in the 1960’s when Apollo missions were escalating the presence of humanity in the solar technique, MLK was top our nation to finish racism, and the green revolution was lowering the price of meals while bringing all sorts of new foods into the supermarkets.
So there is a reading or a word fetish, but right now, longform is not a book. Currently, longform is a 1,500-word write-up. Evan Williams has this on-line publishing platform named Medium, which is these tiny essays, but it really is longform compared to tweets or Facebook updates. In reality, if I create an 800-word piece on CNN, it goes up the day I wrote it and I attain a couple million individuals. With a book, it requires me two years to get it together and it requires a year for them to publish it. I’ve got to operate like hell to even get 20,000 people to read the thing — or purchase the issue, and half of them truly study it.
Robby the Robot in Forbidden Planet (1956) has a hierarchical command structure which keeps him from harming humans, even on orders (such orders bring about a conflict and lock-up, very substantially in the manner of Asimov’s robots). Robby is 1 of the initial cinematic depictions of a robot with internal safeguards put in spot in this style. Asimov was delighted with Robby, and noted that Robby appeared to be programmed in his recommended fashion.