Factory Automation SystemsYoram Koren first came up with the concept of Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems in 1995. Rather of having each and every form of machine in a row to manage a portion from start to finish, reconfigurable manufacturing systems have rows of every type of machine. Following a aspect has been processed by the initially type of machine, it is forwarded to the next accessible machine in the next row.

The longest single-belt conveyor in the globe was designed to move limestone and shale from its quarry in Meghalaya, India, to the cement factory in Sylhet, Bangladesh. It is 17 km, or ten and a half miles long, and produces about 960 tons of limestone per hour. The conveyor stands 5 meters above ground across the distance to stop floodwater harm in the course of monsoon season.

Normally interlocks are added to a manage circuit. Suppose that the motor in the instance is powering machinery that has a critical require for lubrication. In this case an interlock could be added to insure that the oil pump is operating prior to the motor starts. Timers, limit switches and electric eyes are other common components in control circuits.

Industries will need right application systems to handle and monitor instruments and most of you may know properly about PLC and it is a programmable logic controller. It consists of programmable micro controller and it is programmed working with a specialized personal computer language and the user can program in several languages. Generally the program is written and it is downloaded to PLC by way of cable connection, then the program gets stored in non volatile memory. They are designed for actual time use and it can withstand harsh environments and it includes a wide variety of input and output ports with sensor units. These sensor units can handle output actuators like motor starters, displays, lights and valves.

The total number of relays, cam timers and drum sequencers can number into the hundreds or even thousands in some factories. Early programming strategies and languages had been required to make such systems manageable, one particular of the first being ladder logic , where diagrams of the interconnected relays resembled the rungs of a ladder. Specific computers named programmable logic controllers were later developed to replace these collections of hardware with a single, additional very easily re-programmed unit.